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FACTS ABOUT CHINA > CHINA AND CHINESE > CHINA IS HISTORY
China Is History
China Facts & Figures
An Opening Word
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China has a very ancient origin. China is the Greece and Rome of East Asia. Unlike in what became known as "Europe," the Chinese civilization never died but has had a continuous existence for at least 5,000 years.

The comparison to Greece and Rome only serves to illustrate the continuity of Chinese civilization for there are many important dissimilarities. China did not have significant and institutional slavery, for example. Nor should the comparison imply that China is unchanging. On the contrary, China has imported and diffused cultures, religions, technologies, ideas, and ideologies from all over the world throughout its history.

China, like the United States, Europe, and most parts of the world is a great synthesis of humans. Through all the political and ideological vissectitudes of Chinese history, there remains a sense of unity among Chinese, a belief that China is not so much one country or nation but a civilization.

CHINA IS HISTORY

Archeological discoveries in China to date reveal hominid inhabitation as far back as 1.7 million years ago, in the case of the Yuanmou Man Yuanmou remains found in Yunnan Yunnan province.

The more famous Peking Man Peking Man, discovered in the 1920s, was a tool-maker with an understanding of fire 500,000 years ago.

The earliest known ruler of China was Huang Di (Yellow Emperor) Huang Di who, it is believed, took power in 2697 B.C.

China has experienced both long periods of stability and long periods of disruption and discord. Below is a list of major Chinese dynasties and historical periods:

Xia Dynasty before 1650 BC
Shang Dynasty 1650 - 1027 BC
Western/Eastern Zhou Dynasties 1027 - 771 BC
Spring/Autumn to 770 BC -
Warring States period 221 BC
Han Dynasty 206 BC - 220 AD
Three Kingdoms 220 - 263
Northern/Southern Dynasties 317 - 589
Tang Dynasty 618 - 907
Song Dynasty 960 - 1263
Yuan Dynasty 1279 - 1365
Ming Dynasty 1368 - 1644
Qing Dynasty 1644 - 1911
China proclaimed a republic 1911, 1949
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